Scientific Resources


Kohlenberg, Robert & Tsai, Mavis (1991), Functional Analytic Psychotherapy: Creating Intense and Curative Therapeutic Relationships

Tsai, Mavis; Kohlenberg, Robert; Kohlenberg, Barbara; Kanter, Jonathan; Follette, William; & Callaghan, Glenn (2009). ;A Guide to Functional Analytic Psychotherapy: Awareness, Courage, Love, and Behaviorism

Kanter, Jonathan; Tsai, Mavis; & Kohlenberg, Robert (2010). The Practice of Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (2010)—Jonathan Kanter, Mavis Tsai & Robert Kohlenberg

Tsai, Mavis; Kohlenberg, Robert; Kanter, Jonathan; Holman, Gareth; & Plummer Loudon, Mary (2012). Functional Analytic Psychotherapy: Distinctive Features

Holman, Gareth; Kanter, Jonathan, Kanter; Tsai, Mavis; & Kohlenberg, Robert (2017). Functional Analytic Psychotherapy Made Simple: A Practical Guide to Therapeutic Relationships


Tsai, M., Yoo, D., Hardebeck, E., Plummer Loudon, M., & Kohlenberg, R.J. (in press). Creating Safe, Evocative, Attuned, and Mutually Vulnerable Therapeutic Beginnings: Strategies from Functional Analytic Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy.

Kuei, T., Tsai, M., McLeod, H., White, R., & Kanter, J. (2018). Using the Primary Process Emotional‐Behavioural System (PPEB) to Better Meet Patient Needs in Psychotherapy. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy.

Kanter, J., Kuczynski, A., Tsai, M., & Kohlenberg, RJ (2018). A brief contextual behavioral Intervention to improve relationships: A randomized trial, Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science.

Yates, H., Sanida, S., Tsai, M., Kohlenberg, R.J. (2017). Facilitate Memorable Terminations. Society for the Advancement of Psychotherapy

Tsai, M., Mandell, T., Maitland, D., Kanter, J., & Kohlenberg, R. J. (2016). Reducing inadvertent clinical errors: Guidelines from functional analytic psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, 53(3), 331-335. doi:10.1037/pst0000065

Maitland, D. W. M., Kanter, J. W., Tsai, M., Kuczynski, A. M., Manbeck, K. E., & Kohlenberg, R. J. (2016). Preliminary Findings on the Effects of Online Functional Analytic Psychotherapy Training on Therapist Competency. The Psychological Record, 1-11. doi:10.1007/s40732-016-0198-8

Haworth, K., Kanter, J., Tsai, M., Kuczynski, A., Rae, J., & Kohlenberg, R.J. (2015) Reinforcement Matters: A preliminary, laboratory-based component-process analysis of functional analytic psychotherapy’s model of social connection. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science. doi: 10.1016/j.jcbs.2015.08.003

Miller, A., Williams, M. T., Wetterneck, C. T., Kanter, J., & Tsai, M. (2015). Using functional analytic psychotherapy to improve awareness and connection in racially diverse client-therapist dyads. The Behavior Therapist, 38(6), 150-156.

Kohlenberg, R. J., Tsai, M., Kuczynski, A. M., Rae, J. R., Lagbas, E., Lo, J., & Kanter, J. W. (2015) A Brief, interpersonally oriented mindfulness intervention Incorporating functional analytic psychotherapy’s model of awareness, courage and love. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science(0). doi:

Tsai, M., McKelvie, M., Kohlenberg, R. & Kanter, J. (2014). Functional Analytic Psychotherapy: Using Awareness, Courage and Love in Treatment. Society for the Advancement of Psychotherapy. http://

Nelson, K.M., Yang, J.P., Maliken, A.C., Tsai, M, & Kohlenberg, R.J. (2014). Introduction to using structured evocative activities in Functional Analytic Psychotherapy. Cognitive & Behavioral Practice. , doi:10.1016/j.cbpra.2013.12.009

Tsai, M., Yard, S., & Kohlenberg, R.J. (2014). Functional Analytic Psychotherapy: A Behavioral Relational Approach to Treatment. Psychotherapy. doi:10.1037/a0036506

Tsai, M., Callaghan, G., & Kohlenberg, R.J. (2013). The use of awareness, courage, therapeutic love, and behavioral interpretation in Functional Analytic Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, 50(3), 366-370.

Kanter, J., Tsai, M., Holman, G., & Koerner, K. (2012). Preliminary Data From a Randomized Pilot Study of Web-Based Functional Analytic Psychotherapy Therapist Training. Psychotherapy, 50(2):248-55. doi: 10.1037/a0029814

Bowen, S., Haworth, K., Grow, J., Tsai, M., & Kohlenberg R.J. (2012) Interpersona Mindfulness Informed by Functional Analytic Psychotherapy: Findings from a Pilot Randomized Trial, International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, 7(2), 125-134.

Holman, G., Kohlenberg, R.J., & Tsai, M. (2012) Development and Preliminary Evaluation of a FAP Protocol: Brief Relationship Enhancement. International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, 7(2) 52-57.

Holman, G., Kohlenberg, R.J., Tsai, M., Haworth, K., Jacobson, E., Liu, S. (2012). Functional Analytic Psychotherapy is a Framework for Implementing Evidence-Based Practices: The Example of Integrated Smoking Cessation and Treatment. International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy,7(2), 58-62.

Pedersen, E., Callaghan, G., Prins, A., Nguyen, H. & Tsai, M. (2012) Functional Analytic Psychotherapy as an Adjunct to Cognitive-Behavioral Treatments for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Theory and Application in a Single Case Design. International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy,7(3), 125-134.

Tsai, M. & Reed, R. (2012) Working In-Vivo with Client Sense of Unlovability, International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, 7(3), 147-150.

Hoekstra, R. & Tsai, M. (2010). FAP for Interpersonal Process Groups. In J. Kanter, M. Tsai & R. J. Kohlenberg (Eds.)The practice of functional analytic psychotherapy. New York: Springer.

Valero, L., García, R., Kohlenberg, R.J. & Tsai, M. (2011). Therapeutic Change Processes in Functional Analytic Psychotherapy. Clínica y Salud 22(3):209-221 DOI10.5093/cl2011v22n3a2

Kohlenberg, R. J., Kanter, J., Bolling, M., Parker, C., &. Tsai, M., (2002) Enhancing Cognitive Therapy for Depression with Functional Analytic Psychotherapy: Treatment Guidelines and Empirical Findings. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 9, 213-229.

Kohlenberg, R. J. & Tsai, M. (1994). Functional analytic psychotherapy: A behavioral approach to treatment and integration. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 4, 175-201

Nemecek, D. (2018). Cigna U.S. Loneliness Index: Survey of 20,000 Americans Examining Behaviors Driving Loneliness in the U.S.

Holt-Lunstad, J. & Smith, T. (2012). Social Relationships and Mortality. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. 6/1: 41-53.

Sander, T. (2005) E-associations? Using Technology to Connect Citizens: The Case of Paper delivered at American Political Science Association.

Williams, S. & Braun, B. (2019) Loneliness and Social Isolation—A Private Problem, A Public Issue. https://www.

Videos and Podcasts:

Jonathan Kanter. CPI training. International guest
ACT in Context Ep. 13 with Glenn Callaghan